协和蒋子栋:过敏星人是被扼住了命运咽喉的人,请对TA温柔以待

时间:2019-08-03 来源: 国内新闻

Recently, Professor Ling Feng, the authority of neurosurgery in China, has expelled a circle of friends for the emergency rescue of anaphylactic shock caused by cephalosporin after drinking. Professor Ling responded quickly and quickly arrived at Xuanwu Hospital. After timely rescue, he finally escaped the catastrophe of anaphylactic shock.

Professor Ling Feng is fortunate and has no danger. However, how many people have lost their lives due to allergies. The famous singer Teresa Teng, who is familiar with us, has induced allergic asthma because she took pictures in the sea of flowers, but she did not carry anti-allergic medicines with her, and she was not rescued in time. Leave us. This is the fact that there are tigers in the mountains and the tigers in the mountains. Because of their negligence, they have made irreparable regrets.

There is also a news some time ago, some people want to add vitamin C, the freshly squeezed juice into the vein, and the juice is a foreign body to the body, after entering the body is bound to cause severe allergic reactions and even anaphylactic shock. like this Accidental injuries or tragedies caused by allergies can be said to be performed every day! Therefore, health science is very important, knowledge is power, knowledge is life!

Based on this, on the occasion of the World Allergic Disease Day on July 8, we invited Prof. Jiang Zidong, the chief physician of the Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, to share the health knowledge about allergic diseases. I hope that everyone can learn the income and learn. Get something, and share the knowledge of science that you have learned with people around you, so that more people can stay away from the claws of allergic diseases!

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The so-called allergic disease, it is a common disease, frequently-occurring disease, a wide range of morbidity, can occur in any part of the body. Different parts of different patients may have different symptoms, but they are characterized by seizure, repeatability and reversibility.

The characteristic of allergic diseases is that after exposure to allergens, the onset is fast. After the cause is removed, the symptoms disappear quickly. Repeated contact will recur, and no contact will occur.

xx过敏与体质,季节,地区和过敏原有关。例如,东北和内蒙古是高发区,春秋季是高风险季节,秋季过敏比春季更常见。

过敏最常影响皮肤,消化系统和呼吸系统。常见的过敏性疾病包括过敏性鼻炎,哮喘,结膜炎,湿疹,食物过敏,药物过敏,全身严重过敏反应和凌风教授过敏。性冲击等。

打喷嚏和打喷嚏,鼻子充满了生命的怀疑,鼻子就像一个不紧的水龙头,每分钟都用一个纸巾。它整天昏昏沉沉,无忧无虑,气喘吁吁,咳嗽,身体上不可能出现小红疹.这些症状可能是过敏的表现。

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近几十年来,过敏病例在世界许多地方呈现出快速上升的趋势。据世卫组织统计,过敏性疾病已跃居世界第六位,影响了全世界约25%的人口。

过敏性疾病是世界上最常见的疾病。这是21世纪最受欢迎的现象。世界卫生组织将过敏性疾病列为21世纪需要研究和控制的三大疾病之一。关注全球健康问题。

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它正在侵入越来越多的婴儿,儿童,儿童甚至成年人。由于其反复发作,年复一年的长期反应不仅影响患者的生活质量,而且给患者带来了巨大的痛苦甚至危及生命。给社会带来沉重的经济负担。

在中国,约有2亿人患有过敏性疾病。其中,婴幼儿过敏的发生率高达41.24%。在过去的十年中,儿童哮喘的发病率增加了50%。每年约有800,000名新生婴儿患有牛奶蛋白过敏症,只有约100,000名儿童可以通过标准化治疗进行诊断和治疗。

与过敏性疾病的流行平行的是各种社会心理压力的增加,目前认为过敏性疾病是“身体和精神疾病”。研究表明,过敏性疾病通常伴有心理障碍,如焦虑,抑郁和恐慌症。该研究还发现,患有过敏性疾病的患者,特别是那些患有哮喘和特应性皮炎(湿疹)的患者,更容易患上精神疾病。同时,心理压力会增加过敏的风险。

过敏患者的精神状态与其他患者不同,因为许多患者的脸上有严重的过敏症状,如红斑甚至溃疡。一些患者,特别是女性患者,由于变得“丑陋”而具有沉重的心理负担。焦虑,恐惧和抑郁等各种心理变化,特别是他人的异常眼睛。任何类型的不良刺激都会导致患者的情绪波动很大。有时情绪变化也会导致病情恶化。

心理社会因素与过敏性疾病相互作用之间的关系可能通过行为途径介导,如压力引起的运动缺陷,睡眠障碍,吸烟等,这可能导致过敏性疾病的恶化。相反,过敏性疾病的心理健康影响可能是由长期不稳定的症状,累积的医疗费用,不成功的治疗等引起的,引起过敏患者及其家属的焦虑和抑郁。

研究表明,过敏史与抑郁症的发生呈正相关,过敏症患者更易患抑郁症,过敏症患者抑郁症的可能性是正常人的2.63倍。这可能对过敏人群的外部刺激很敏感,无论他们是处于日常生活,工作或医疗用途的紧张状态,还是无法有效放松。

哥伦比亚大学的一项研究表明,如果母亲患有抑郁症,她的孩子患上过敏性疾病的机会将大大增加,遗传史也是抑郁症的重要危险因素。这也可能是一种易患抑郁症的过敏体质。其中一个原因。

焦虑

Anxiety is a kind of inner uneasiness, unfounded fear, or a nervousness that is expected to face a bad situation.

Anxious people may have symptoms such as dizziness, weakness, chest tightness, palpitation, difficulty breathing, dry mouth, frequent urination, urgency, sweating, hand shaking, throat infarction, etc. as well as inability to concentrate, decrease energy, confusion, and rationality. Out of the box, restless, overly worried, nervous, fearful, irritated, fearful, worried, difficult to calm down, accompanied by a sense of sudden death, often suicidal thoughts, even screams, call for help. Anxiety can seriously harm physical and mental health and affect normal life and work.

Some people have shortness of breath when they are onset, and they are hyperventilated. Some people will quickly return to normal after the attack. Some people are uneasy and worried about recurrence. The anti-recurrence author can be in days, weeks or months. Frequent seizures can occur several times a day, so that patients do not dare to get up.

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Depression

Depression is an unpleasant state of mind experience that plays an important role in mental illness.

Often with significant and persistent depression, decreased mobility, slow thinking and cognitive function ("three lows") and boring, helpless, unintentional (appetite and libido), incompetence, powerlessness, sleeplessness, hopelessness, and worthlessness ( "Eight no") Even negative suicide is a type of affective disorder that is the main clinical feature.

It is a disease, not as simple as "baby is not happy." It is a disease with high incidence, disability rate, high recurrence rate and relatively high mortality rate, which seriously endangers people's physical and mental health.

Because parents are anxious and depressed, they will ignore the emotional interaction with their children. Over time, these children will develop depression, negative, withdrawal and even suicide.

xxA large number of investigations and studies by domestic and foreign scholars have confirmed that the choice of individual coping styles is closely related to the individual's mental health, that is, positive coping styles are positively correlated with mental health, and negative coping styles are negatively correlated with mental health. The longer the onset of the disease, the more severe the symptoms and the greater the psychological stress of the patient.

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Therefore, the patient or family members must pay attention to the occurrence and development of allergic diseases, and prevent psychological problems such as anxiety and depression in themselves or allergic children. Otherwise, these psychological problems may lead to the imbalance of the body's immune system, which will also aggravate the physiological symptoms of allergies. Form a vicious circle.

However, in order to prevent anxiety and depression, the most important thing is to scientifically and correctly prevent allergic diseases.

PS: This article is the topic of allergic diseases in the world. Allergic diseases and psychological problems (on)

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Jiang Zidong

Jiang Zidong

Chief Physician, Professor, Ph.D. Master Instructor, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital

Good at diagnosis and rehabilitation of vertigo diseases, diagnosis and surgical treatment of common diseases of otolaryngology

For more reliable, interesting and exciting health sciences, please pay attention to our WeChat public number “100 Years Concord Lecture Hall” (micro signal: bnxhjt100)

xx

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